Creativity and Imagination
Open-ended learning encourages children to use their imagination and creativity, allowing them to develop unique ideas and approaches to learning.
Open-ended learning provides opportunities for children to think critically, problem solve, and make connections between their learning and real-life experiences
Open-ended learning gives children the independence to learn and explore on their own terms, building their confidence and self-esteem
Open-ended learning prepares children for real-world experiences by allowing them to adapt to new situations and learn from their experiences.
Open-ended learning is often more engaging for children as they are able to apply their learning in meaningful and relevant ways, leading to deeper understanding and retention of information
In comparison, closed-ended learning can be restrictive, limiting creativity and critical thinking skills. It can also discourage independent thinking and be less engaging for children, leading to a more passive learning experience.
By Jeni Wilson and the Nüdel Kart team
STEM is definitely the new buzz word. But what exactly is it???
What does it really mean?
STEM stands for Science, technology, engineering and mathematics.
STEM is not coding and robotics. Rather "it covers a wide range of disciplines and skills, which are increasingly in demand in our rapidly changing world. STEM skills and knowledge are important for all stages of our learning, jobs and everyday lives." (Victoria State Government, Department of Education)
Why is STEM important?
STEM empowers individuals with the skills to succeed and adapt to this increasingly complex, changing, technological world. STEM is intended to lead to innovation necessary to sustain our economy. This innovation and science literacy depends on a solid knowledge base in the STEM areas.
STEM is important because it pervades every part of our lives. Science is everywhere in the world around us and is used to impact people and every living thing on earth.
What are STEM skills?
STEM skills relate subject specific skills in science, mathematics, and engineering to generic skills and dispositions.
This is by no means an exhaustive list, but skills can include'
There are multiple reasons why STEM skills are considered more important than ever.
What are some easy to implement resources for STEM?
There are limitless opportunities to practise STEM skills and learn about STEM concepts when engaging in free or structured play. STEM activities and lessons should be child led and help children learn how to use these skills in the real world.
In fact longitudinal studies conduced over the last 55 years show that early childhood play-based programs have the largest impacts on the education and long-term life outcomes of children (living in poverty) including a 42% rise in yearly earning, increase in high schools graduations and an increase in bachelor degrees.
At Playground Ideas, we created the Nüdel Kart, a mobile, deconstructable playground based on the theory of loose parts. Loose Parts create an environment of endless possibilities that unlock a child's creative potential, build brain complexity, and creates very high levels of mental health and well being.
The Nüdel Kart can be used in or out of the classroom to help support STEM learning.
How does it do this?
Nüdel Kart is a mobile play kart that can be reconfigured in endless ways to encourage self-directed learning. It contains research-backed specially selected materials to stimulate children’s development. Nüdel Kart supports educational approaches, such as student directed learning, that aims to develop 21st century and first principle skills increasingly in demand in our rapidly changing world.
Designed for children 3-12 years, of all abilities, the Nüdel Kart and allows all children to adapt the kart to their needs. It engages up to 30 children at a time.
Nüdel Kart is a loose parts educational resource that promotes problem solving and creativity.
It comes with a supervisor manual that helps teach all the principles of STEM, and it can also be used to aid in STEM curriculum and support many other aspects of the curriculum.
Looking for examples of how to link STEM into the Australian Curriculum for different age groups? Check out the examples below:
Vehicles and moving things: Discuss push and pull. Use wood dowels and straps to try pushing and pulling a variety of objects. Alternatively Inquiry into force. Test how to make things move faster and slower. Explore friction building a pulley from Nüdel Kart pieces.
Go to market: Count and order coins and notes. Use Nüdel Kart pieces as currency and count, add and tally amounts. Alternatively, using real shopper dockets and brochures, use Nüdel Kart pieces to represent products and organise them according to price.
Other ideas include:
All of these and more are explained in the Nüdel Kart Supervisor Manual. One of many teaching resources we provide, check out our other resources here.
Engineering for kids, (2016). https://www.engineeringforkids.com/about/news/2016/february/why-is-stem-education-so-important-/
Sewell, C. Wilson, J. Laing, B. and Veerman, M. (2020) Nudel Kart Teacher Manual.
Seven awesome facts about STEM education https://visual.ly/community/infographic/education/7-interesting-facts-about-stem-educationGet into energy. Get into STEM. https://stem.getintoenergy.com/stem-skills-list/
What is STEM? Western Australia Department of Education https://www.education.wa.edu.au/what-is-stem
OUR TEAM AT PLAYGROUNDIDEAS.ORG, A leading NGO on Play....